International Journal of Energy and Environmental Science

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Research Article |

Analysis of Influencing Factors and Genetic Types of H2S Anomaly in Northern Binchang Mining Area of Huanglong Jurassic Coalfield, Ordos Basin, China

The H2S anomalies occurred during the construction and trial production of the Ya Dian coal mine in the northern part of the Binchang mining area in the southern margin of Ordos Basin. During excavation, the maximum is about 140 ppm, and H2S overrun often occurs in fully mechanized working-face of the first mining area. Distribution characteristics of sulfur content in No. 1 and No. 4 coal seams in the study area are mostly ferric sulfate, the pH value of groundwater is alkaline, the geothermal temperature is between 30 and 40 degrees, and the degree of coal metamorphism belongs to non-sticky coal-long flame coal in low rank. No. 1 and No. 4 coal in the western part of the mining area form high sulfur areas around the mining area. After analyzing the factors causing the H2S anomaly, such as the sealing effect of the compact surrounding rock on the roof and floor of the coal seam, the fractured zone runs through the Luohe Formation rock strata, causing the water leaching or water gushing and the low degree of metamorphism, which weakly adsorbs H2S. Measures such as monitoring, ventilation of roadways, blocking by grouting, strengthening drainage and alkaline spraying were taken to effectively prevent and control H2S anomalies and ensure workers’ health and mine safety. Ground temperature of 30 ~ 40°C is the optimum temperature for the reproduction of sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB). The coexistence of sulfate and coal provides material conditions for BSR. Natural gas C2-C8 and unsaturated hydrocarbons in gas residues of No. 1 and No. 4 coal seams provide energy and material basis for H2S production by sulfate reduction. Weak alkaline groundwater with pH 7.7 ~ 8.3 provides living environment for SRB. The water quality belongs to SO4Cl-K+Na type, Salinity of the water is 4.826 ~ 5.277g/l, SO42- content is 2 088.87 ~ 2 292.82 mg/l (greater than 1 500 mg/l), Water is rich in SO42-, so under the condition of hydrocarbon-rich, BSR is easy to occur and hydrogen sulfide is formed. Combined with other conditions, the H2S gas in the mine is determined to be BSR origin.

Huanglong Jurassic Coalfield, Influencing Factors of H2S Anomaly, Genesis Type, Binchang Mining Area, Ya Dian Coal Mine

APA Style

Liu, H. (2023). Analysis of Influencing Factors and Genetic Types of H2S Anomaly in Northern Binchang Mining Area of Huanglong Jurassic Coalfield, Ordos Basin, China. International Journal of Energy and Environmental Science, 8(6), 118-129.

ACS Style

Liu, H. Analysis of Influencing Factors and Genetic Types of H2S Anomaly in Northern Binchang Mining Area of Huanglong Jurassic Coalfield, Ordos Basin, China. Int. J. Energy Environ. Sci. 2023, 8(6), 118-129. doi: 10.11648/j.ijees.20230806.11

AMA Style

Liu H. Analysis of Influencing Factors and Genetic Types of H2S Anomaly in Northern Binchang Mining Area of Huanglong Jurassic Coalfield, Ordos Basin, China. Int J Energy Environ Sci. 2023;8(6):118-129. doi: 10.11648/j.ijees.20230806.11

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Coal Mine Safety Regulations (2022 Revised Edition). Beijing: Emergency Management Publishing House, 2022.
2. Niu, K S. and Zhang, J F. Generation, harm and prevention of H2S gas in municipal sewage treatment plant. China biogas, 2003, vol. 21, No. 4, pp. 28-30.
3. Dai, J X., Hu, J Y., Jia, C Z., et al. Suggestions for scientifically and safely exploring and developing high H2S gas fields. Petroleum Exploration and Development, 2004, vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 1-4.
4. Jin Y F., Yan H., Xu Y Q., et al. Research and application of the evaluation method of source separation and classification of hydrogen sulfide hazard in mine. Mining Safety & Environmental Protection, 2021, vol. 48, No. 01, pp. 97-100.
5. Wang, J., Wang, N B., Qi, T., et al. Corrosion law and comprehensive prevention of hydrogen sulfide-gas from steep seam. Journal of Xi’an University of Science and Technology, 2009, vol. 29, No. 6, pp. 677-680.
6. Zhang C., Wang X L., Li S G., et al. Optimization of the ratio of modified alkaline solution for hydrogen sulfide treatment in coal mine based on response surface method. Journal of China Coal Society, 2020, vol. 45, No. 8, pp. 2926-2932.
7. Liu K. Study on Distribution Law and Control Technology of H2S Gas in Fully Mechanized Caving Face. Mining Safety & Environmental Protection, 2016, vol. 43, No. 2, pp. 13-18.
8. Huang L N. Study on H2S Emission Law and the Treatment Technology in Fully Mechanized Driving Face. Coal Engineering, 2019, vol. 51, No. 08, pp. 69-73.
9. Yuan, X P., Liang, B., Sun, W J., et al. Research on control of mine hydrogen sulfide emission by injecting sodium bicarbonate solution into coal seams. China Safety Science Journal, 2015, vol. 25, No. 5, pp. 114-119.
10. Liu, M J., Li G Q., Hani M., et al. Genesis modes discussion of H2S gas in coal mines, Journal of China coal society, 2011, vol. 36, No. 6, pp. 978-983.
11. Zhao, Y S. and Zhang, C Z. H2S Gas Control of Xiqu Mine No. 9 Coal Seam. Coal Science and Technology, 2011, vol. 39, No. S1, pp. 26-29.
12. Liu, H B., Kang, W A., Yin, R S., et al. Genetic Types and Prevention Measures of H2S Anomaly in Low Rank Coal Mining Area. Coal Technology, 2017, vol. 36, No. 10, pp. 95-98.
13. Bi S., Xu C., Yue J F., et al. Investigation of comprehensive control system of hydrogen sulfide gas in coal mine. Coal Technology, 2017, vol. 36, No. 6, pp. 126-128.
14. Jia N J., Jia B S., Wang H D., et al. Study on distribution law and prevent and control technology of hydrogen sulfide in fully-mechanized driving face [J]. Coal Science and Technology, 2018, vol. 46, No. 12, pp. 158-163.
15. Chen, Z Z., Zhao, Q M., Dong, Y X. Comprehensive Contorl Techonlogy of H2S in Mine. Safety in Coal Mines, 2012, No. S1, pp. 85-88.
16. Wei, J J., Deng, Q G., Liu, M J. Hazards of Hydrogen Sulfide and Control Measures in Coal Mines. Coal Technology, 2014, No. 10, pp. 269-272.
17. Niu, W Q., Li X B. Analysis on prevention technology of hydrogen sulfide gas in fully mechanized mining face. Shaanxi coal, 2015, No. 02, pp. 119-121.
18. Hu, F. Study on Influential Factors of Hydrogen Sulfide Treatment in Coal Mine. Safety in Coal Mine, 2014, vol. 45, No. 05, pp. 23-26.
19. Hu, F. Study on Process Parameters of Injecting H2S Absorption Solution into Coal Seams. Mining Safety and Environmental Protection, 2017, vol. 44, No. 01, pp. 1-4.
20. Song, Y C., Wu, H D., Zheng, C. Research and application of bearizing technology of high-pressure water jet. Shandong Coal Science and Technology, 2014, No. 09, No. 75-76.
21. Liu, K. Study on Distribution Law and Control Technology of H2S Gas in Fully Mechanized Caving Face. Mining Safety and Environmental Protection, 2016, 43 (2): 13-18. (in Chinese with English abstract).
22. Jiao, C L., Fu, X H., Ge, Y Y., et al. Distribution characteristics of H2S anomaly area ofcoal mine gas in China. Journal of Heilongjiang Institute of Science and Technology, 2013, vol. 23, No. 04, pp. 375-377.
23. Wang, Y F. Analysis of hydrogen sulfide origin for coal seams of the Taiyuan Formation in Tiexin Mine Field. Journal of Liaoning Technical University: Natural Science, 2015, vol. 34, No. 10, pp. 1137-1142.
24. Wang, K X., Fu, X H. Cause analysis of H2S and CO2 anomalies in coal mine gas in China. Safety in Coal Mines, 2006, No. 10, pp. 47-50.
25. Zhang, J Z., Yi Honghong, Ning Ping, et al. Advances of the study on absorption technology of hydrogen sulfide. Techniques and Equipment for Environmental Pollution Control, 2002, vol. 3, No. 6, pp. 47-52.
26. Fu, X H., He, Y., Liu, X H., et al. In-situ Coal Seam Gas H2S Content Influencing Factors and Genetic Analysis in Xishan Minefield, Urumqi, Xinjiang. Coal Geology of China, 2015, vol. 27, No. 1, pp. 28-30, 43.
27. Yang, X H. Characteristics of CBM reservoir in Huangling-Longxian coalfield [J]. Coal Geology & Exploration, 2015, vol. 43, No. 04, pp. 41-45.
28. He, Y., Fu. X H., Lu, L. Influencing Factors of Different Coal Ranks on H2S Adsorption. Safety in Coal Mine, 2015, vol. 46, No. 11, pp. 149-151.
29. Fei, A G., Zhu, G Y., Zhang, S C., et al. Global distribution hydrogen sulphide-bearing natural gas and the major factors controlling its formation. Earth Science Frontiers, 2010, vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 350-360.
30. Zhu, G Y., Zhang, S C., Ma, Y S., et al. Effectiveness of thermochemical sulfate reduction on oil and gas Industry-a H2S formation accelerating development of the secondary pores in reservoirs. Earth Science Frontiers, 2006, vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 141-149.
31. Liu, M J., Deng, Q G., Zhao, F J. Origin of hydrogen sulfide in coal seams in China. Safety Science, 2012, vol. 50, No. 4, pp. 1031-1038.
32. Cai, C F., Li, K K., Ma, A L., et al. Distinguishing the Cambrian source rock from the Upper Ordovician: evidence from sulfur isotopes and biomarkers in the Tarim Basin. Organic Geochemistry, 2009, No. 40, pp. 755-768.
33. Deng, Q G., Liu, M J., Cui, X F., et al. A study of hydrogen sulfide genesis in coal mine of southeastern margin of Junggar Basin. Earth Science Frontiers, 2017, vol. 24, No. 5, pp. 395-401.
34. Miao, Y C., Fu, Y K. Study on Hydrogen Sulphide Forming Mechanism and Comprehensive Management in Mine. Coal Technology, 2015, vol. 34, No. 03, pp. 227-230.
35. ORR W L. Changes in sulfur content and isotopic ratios of sulfur during petroleum maturation-Study of Big Horn Basin Palaeozoic oils. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 1974, No. 50, pp. 2295-2318.
36. Machel, H G., Krouse, H R., Sassen, R. Product s and distin-guishing criteria of bacterial and thermochemical sulfate reduction. Applied Geochemistry, 1995, vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 373-389.
37. Zhang, H., Wang, M., Liu, Z Y. The role of BSR in coal bed hydrogen sulfide and its identification of coal. Zhongzhou Coal, 2013, No. 01, pp. 38-40.
38. Hu, J., Zheng, B S., Wang, M S., et al. Distribution and forming cause of sulpher in Chinese coals. Coal Conversion, 2005, vol. 28, No. 4, pp. 1-6.
39. Catherine, B., Hilary, L. Gong, J H. Translated. Microorganisms that are beneficial and unfavorable to oil recovery in petroleum microorganisms. Foreign Oilfield Engineering, 2001, vol. 17, No. 4, pp. 1-5.
40. Machel, H G. Bacterial and thermochemical sulfate reduction in diagenetic settings old and new insights. Sedimentary Geology, 2001, No. 140, pp. 143-175.
41. He, B L. Water Quality Change Features of Ground Water in Cretaceous System of Binchang Mining Area. Coal Geology of China, 2002, vol. 14, No. 03, pp. 34-36.
42. Pan, X F., Guo, Q., Sun, L. Study of Production Mechanism of Hydrogen Sulfide I Tailing Area of Metal Mines and Control Methods [J]. MORDEN MINING, 2009, No. 9, pp. 79-81.
43. Jobson, A M., Cook, F D., Westlake, D W S. Interaction of aeroic and anaerobic bacteria in petroleum biodegradation. Chemical Geology, 1979, No. 24, pp. 335-464.