Volume 4, Issue 5, September 2019, Page: 61-66
Study on Spatial and Temporal Variability of Rural Household Energy Consumption in Plateau Mountain Areas of Southwest China
Li Xinxin, Rural Energy and Environment Agency, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing, China; College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China
Shi Zuliang, Rural Energy and Environment Agency, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing, China
Received: Oct. 15, 2019;       Accepted: Nov. 7, 2019;       Published: Nov. 14, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijees.20190405.11      View  42      Downloads  5
Rural energy consumption of China is only about 20% to total energy consumption, but the consumer number has accounted for 70% of the population. Rural household energy is closely related to life quality of farmers and regional ecological environment, which concerns building a new socialist countryside, and occupies an important position in the national energy consumption system. Nowadays, the quantity and quality of rural life energy has been greatly improved, but environment pollution caused by burning of residue straw and extensive use of non-renewable fossil fuels is spread. Guiding the rural life energy consumption to a efficient, clean, environment-friendly direction is urgent. Southwest Plateau Mountain is one of the traditional geographical divisions in China, with abundant biomass resources and distinctive regional characteristics. However, few studies has been conducted to research the change of the rural life energy consumption structure in the region. Therefore, the spatial and temporal variation of rural life energy consumption was analyzed through the rural energy data from 1992 to 2017. The results showed that total consumption and per capita consumption of energy in rural life presented a step change characteristic of increasing firstly and then decreasing from 1992 to 2017 (the highest was in 2008). Total consumption and per capita consumption of rural life energy in 2017 increased by 3.64% and 65.13% respectively compared to 1992. Coal, straw, firewood are the main types of rural energy consumption in this area, gas, oil, liquefied petroleum gas, natural gas, coal gas and solar energy consumption ratio have improved to varying degrees with the evolution of the year. The proportion of commercial energy consumption increased from 30.05% in 1992 to 57.60% in 2017, reflecting the energy structure transforming from the traditional patterns to the diversification, utility and commercialization utilization pattern. The regional distribution of energy consumption intensity basically showed the characteristics of north high and south low, energy consumption structure, demonstrating significant regional differences. The largest energy consumption energy in Sichuan was firewood, and it was coal in Yunnan, Chongqing and Guizhou, and electricity in Tibet. Taking the complementary energy consumption mode of commercial energy and non-energy commercial energy according to local conditions, promoting the efficient and clean use of straw, firewood and solar energy will be the inevitable choice for sustainable development of rural energy in mountain plateau areas in Southwest China.
Plateau Mountain Areas of Southwest China, Rural Household Energy, Consumption Structure, Regional Characteristics
To cite this article
Li Xinxin, Shi Zuliang, Study on Spatial and Temporal Variability of Rural Household Energy Consumption in Plateau Mountain Areas of Southwest China, International Journal of Energy and Environmental Science. Vol. 4, No. 5, 2019, pp. 61-66. doi: 10.11648/j.ijees.20190405.11
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Shimei Wu, Xinye Zheng, Chaoying You, et al. Household energy consumption in rural China: Historical development, present pattern and policy implication [J]. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2019, 211: 981-991.
Byrne J, Zhou A M, Shen B. Analyzing the dynamic impact of electricity futures on revenue and risk of renewable energy in China [J]. Energy Policy, 2019, 132: 678-690.
Wang X H, Feng Z M, Gao X F, et al. Assessment of bioenergy development potential and its environmental impact for rural household energy consumption: A case study in Shandong, China [J]. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2017, 67: 1153-1161.
Sheng J. The crops traw opening buring control research based on the government-farmer-enterprise cooperation game [J]. Chinese Journal of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, 2015, 36 (4): 48-53.
Qiang Wang, Mei-Po Kwan, Kan Zhou, et al. Impacts of residential energy consumption on the health burden of household air pollution: Evidence from 135 countries [J]. Energy Policy, 2019, 128: 284-295.
Li B. Hierarchical structure analysis of urban carbon metabolism: A case study of Beijing, China [J]. Ecological Indicators, 2019, Article 105602.
Zhao C S, Niu S W, Zhang X. Effects of household energy consumption on environment and its influence factors in rural and urban areas [J]. Energy Procedia, 2012, 14: 805-811.
Yu Chen, Wei Hu, Paul Chen, et al. Household biogas CDM project development in rural China [J]. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2017; 67: 184-191.
Li G Q, Nie H L, Yang Y L. Regional Disparities and Influencing Factors of Rural Energy Consumption in China [J]. Journal of Shanxi Finance and Economics University, 2010, 32 (2):68-73.
Zhang Y J, Jiang J Y, Ye J D et al., Rural energy consumption analysis and the policy advice of coal reduction and replacement in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei.[J]. Energy of China, 2014, 36 (7): 26-28.
Han Y, Wang D L, Bi Y Y. Analysis on attribute structure of rural household energy consumption in tancheng country [J]. Chinese Journal of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, 2013, 34 (4): 141-144.
Wang X H. Study on rural household energy consumption in [J]. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 2012, 28 (26): 196-200.
Zhu J C, Li R H, Zhang Z Z et al., The rural household energy consumption structure analysis of Shanxi province [J]. Renewable Energy Resources, 2012, 30 (2): 125-130.
Zhang L X, Hu Q H, Wang C B. Spatiotemporal distribution characteristics and policy evolution of rural energy consumption in China [J]. Transactions of CSAE, 2011, 27 (1): 1-9.
Rao M N, Reddy B S. Variations in energy use by Indian households: an analysis of micro level data [J]. Energy Policy, 2007, 32 (2): 143-153.
Qiu H G, Yan J B, Li D W, Han W. Residential energy consumption in rural China:current situation and determinants for future trend—— an empirical study based on field survey data of 4 provinces [J]. China Soft Science, 2015, 11: 28-38.
Zhang X Q, Zhan K Q. rural energy construction in soil and water conservation in karst mountains of guizhou [J]. Soil and Water Conservation in China, 2011 (11): 19-21.
Wei W, Zhang X K, Zhu S S et al., The overview and prospect in biomass energy exploitation and utilization in China [J]. Journal of Agricultural Mechanization Research 2013 (3): 7-11.
Ziqi Zhao, Shu Tao, Dazhen Tang, et al. A mathematical method to identify and forecast coal texture of multiple and thin coal seams by using logging data in the Panguan syncline, western Guizhou, China [J]. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 2019, in press.
Science, Technonlgy, and Education Department of MOARA, Rural Energy and Environmental Agency, MOARA. Rural Statistics in China (2009-2013) [M]. China Agricultural Press, 2014.
Rural Energy and Environmental Agency, MOARA. 2013 Report on environmental protection of agricultural resources and rural energy development [M]. China Agricultural Press, 2014.
Yuli Zhu, Ji Liang, Qing Yang, et al. Water use of a biomass direct-combustion power generation system in China: A combination of life cycle assessment and water footprint analysis [J]. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2019, 11.
Rural Energy and Environmental Agency, MOARA. Evaluation of straw comprehensive utilization [R]. 2015
Xinhua Ma. Natural gas and energy revolution: A case study of Sichuan–Chongqing gas province. [J]. Natural Indusry B, 2017, 4 (2): 91-99.
Fan L, Liu D S, Chen W Z. A study of sustainable consumption of rural household energy in Chongqing [J]. Journal of southwest agricultural university (Natural Science), 2005, 27 (4): 494-499.
Browse journals by subject