Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2019, Page: 67-76
Ecological Crisis, “Market” Economy and Evolutionary Theory
Mikhail Borisovich Konashev, Department of the History of Evolutionary Theory and Ecology, Saint-petersburg Branch, Institute of the History of Science and Technology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Received: May 27, 2019;       Accepted: Aug. 27, 2019;       Published: Dec. 18, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijees.20190406.11      View  277      Downloads  79
Abstract
The interrelation of ecological crisis and a “market” economy based on a “market” way of production is considered in the article. It is supposed that the ecological crisis in the principle can’t be solved by means of this way of production. The “market” way of production consists that all things and even processes involved in production and in economy are, or turn into goods. The biological phenomena whether it is populations, species, ecological niches, biocenoses, biosphere are not and could not be goods. Transition to a new post-market that is post-economic way of production is necessary for overcoming ecological crisis. Ways and means of such transition are analyzed on the basis of the evolutionary theory. The principal conclusion is that the transformation of the theory and practice of “market” economy into the theory and practice of human economy is especially important because only through such transformation the problem of alienation of man can be resolved properly and sufficiently. In the course of this process man also transforms himself of capitalist economical or “market” man and of pre-human being into true real human being. Thus the alienation is eliminated at all and forever. Under condition of really public nature of work and its products in the form of productions and production infrastructure, man owing to public, joint, and universal in essence, a cumulative work, is released for a universal free activity. Then each man can really participate in government. He acts as the thinking person and as the material subject of production on the whole state and on the whole reproduction of the humankind. Thus, each man in his cogitative and material activity unites and coincides with all other people, with the mankind, and, thereby, creates himself to the genuine, versatile and universal person, to Homo sapiens et humanus.
Keywords
Ecological Crisis, “Market” Economy, Evolutionary Theory, Post-“Market” Economy
To cite this article
Mikhail Borisovich Konashev, Ecological Crisis, “Market” Economy and Evolutionary Theory, International Journal of Energy and Environmental Science. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2019, pp. 67-76. doi: 10.11648/j.ijees.20190406.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Artyunina, G. P., Gonchar, N. T. and Ignatkova S. A. (2003). Basic medical training: Health, disease and way of life (in Russian). PGPI, Pskov.
[2]
Chetverev, V. I. (1994). Ecological crisis: search of an exit (in Russian). MGU publ. house, Moscow.
[3]
Potemkin, Yu. V., Ksenofontova, N. A. (eds.) (2001). Africa: ecological crisis and problems of survival (in Russian). Moscow: IA.
[4]
Krasnogorskaya, N. V. (ed.) (2002). The strategy of life in the conditions of planetary ecological crisis: (in 3 volumes). vol. 2. (in Russian). V. G. Sheremetyev Gumanistika, Saint-Petersburg.
[5]
Yanshina, F. T. (ed) (2003). Global problems of the biosphere = Global problems of biosphere (in Russian). Moscow: Nauka.
[6]
Hollander, J. M. (2004). The real environmental crisis: why poverty, not affluence, is the environment's number one enemy. Berkeley (etc.): Univ. of California press.
[7]
Technological change and the environment. (2005). Amsterdam (etc.): Elsevier.
[8]
Barragán, H. L. (ed.) (2010). Desarrollo, salud humana y amenazas ambientales: la crisis de la sustentabilidad. Editorial de la Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
[9]
Crisis socioambiental y cambio climático. Ciudad de Buenos Aires (2013). CLACSO, Argentina.
[10]
Extractivismo, despojo y crisis climática: desafíos para los movimientos sociales y los proyectos emancipatorios de nuestra América. (2013). Herramienta Ediciones: Editorial El Colectivo: Grupo de Estudios Sobre América Latina y el Caribe, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
[11]
Golubkina, N. A., Pivovarov, V. F. and Nadezhkin, S. M. (2013). Global ecological crisis. Problems and decisions (in Russian). Moscow: VNIISSOK.
[12]
Oerlemans, N. (ed.) (2016). Living Planet Report 2016. Risk and resilience in a new era., Switzerland: WWF International, Gland.
[13]
Kulpin, E. S. (1995). Way of Russia. Prince 1. First social-and-ecological crisis (in Russian). Mosk. Lyceum, Moscow.
[14]
Tsalikov, R. H., Akimov, V. A. and Kozlov, K. A. (2009). Assessment of natural, technogenic and ecological safety of Russia (in Russian). Moscow: FGU VNII GOChS.
[15]
Didenko, N. I. (ed.) (2017). Economy, ecology and society of Russia in the 21st century (in Russian). PU publ. house, Saint-Petersburg.
[16]
Netsvetaev, A. G. (2006). Ecological right: Educational and practical textbook (in Russian). Moscow: MESI.
[17]
Porfiryev, B. N. (2013). “Green” economy: realities, prospects and limits of growth (in Russian). Moscow: Carnegie Moscow Centre.
[18]
Dolce, Ch. “Warmest May on Record”. https://weather.com/news/news/2018-06-06-may-2018-record-hot-temperatures-united-states-noaa-report 06.06.2018.
[19]
Vincent, J. (2014). “‘Unstoppable’ glacial collapse in west Antarctica will lead to metres’ rise in global sea levels”, Independent, May 13. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/unstoppable-glacial-collapse-in-west-antarctica-will-lead-t0-meters-rise-in-global-sea-levels-9361826.html.
[20]
Holthauss, E. (2015). “Earth’s Most Famous Climate Scientist Issues Bombshell Sea Level Warning”, Slatest, July 20. http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_slatest/2015/07/20/sea_level_study_james_hansen_issues_dire_climate_warning.html.
[21]
Motesharrei, S., Rivas, О. J. and Kalnay, E. (2014). “Human and nature dynamics HANDY: Modeling inequality and use of resources in the collapse or sustainability of societies”, Ecological Economics. vol. 101, pp. 90–102.
[22]
OECD Environmental Outlook to 2050: The Consequences of Inaction. (2012). Paris: OECD Publishing.
[23]
Feng Lu (2015). “Reflections on the global environmental crisis from confucian and ecological perspectives”, Journal of Globalization Studies, vol. 6, pp. 7–14.
[24]
Doti, J. L. and Lee, D. R. (1991). The Market Economy: A Reader. Oxfod: Oxford University Press.
[25]
Extinction is not a sustainable water policy: the Bay-Delta crisis and the implications for California water management: oversight field hearing before the Subcommittee on Water and Power of the Committee on Natural Resources, U. P. House of Representatives, One Hundred Tenth Congress, first session, Monday, July 2, 2007, in Vallejo, California. (2008). U. P. G. P. O.: For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U. P. G. P. O., Washington.
[26]
As WalMart has instantly earned 65% during a drought (2015). http://www.vestifinance.ru/articles/57097 12.05.2015.
[27]
Brown, E. (2015). “California Water Wars: Another Form of Asset Stripping?” https://ellenbrown.com/2015/03/24/california-water-wars-another-form-of-asset-stripping/.
[28]
Hublaryan, M. G. (2001). “Problems of the Volga River and its pool”. In: Global problems of the biosphere (in Russian), pp. 138-144. Moscow: Nauka.
[29]
Naydenko, V. V. (2003). Great Volga at a turn of the millennia. From ecological crisis to sustainable development (in Russian). N. Novgorod: Promgrafika.
[30]
Tulokhonov, A. K. (ed.) (2012). Baikal - the world treasure: collection of reports of conferences (Ulan Bator, on May 12, 2011, Monaco on June 15, 2011) (in Russian). Moscow; Ulan-Ude BNTs SO RAN.
[31]
The report “About state of environment of the basin of Lake Baikal”, 2012-2013: it is information the state-of-the-art review of editions of ecological and nature protection subject (in Russian). (2015). Ulan-Ude: Puls’ radio.
[32]
The report of MPR of Russia on a condition of Lake Baikal and measures for his protection in 2014 (in Russian). (2015). RFGF, Moscow; Irkutsk.
[33]
Aral crisis: Historical and geographical retrospective. (1991). (in Russian). Moscow: Without Publ. house.
[34]
Antonov, V. I. (1992). The Aral Sea and Priaralye - priorities and alternatives (in Russian). Tashkent: Mekhnat.
[35]
Skarlato, O. A. and Aladin N. V. (eds.) (1993). Ecological crisis on the Aral Sea (in Russian). Saint-Petersburg: ZIN.
[36]
Krivoshei, M. I. (1997). Aral and Caspian Sea: Causes of accident (in Russian). Saint-Petersburg: Without Publ. house.
[37]
Sommerlad, J. (2018). “Russian shopping centre fire: At least 64 people killed after blaze at busy Winter Cherry mall in Siberia”, https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/russia-shopping-centre-fire-latest-death-toll-rises-winter-cherry-mall-kemerovo-siberia-a8273606.html 26.04.2018.
[38]
Perm court turns down appeals of persons convicted in Lame Horse nightclub case (in Russian). http://tass.com/russia/709055 26.11.2013.
[39]
Probable cause of the fire in Kemerovo called a faulty electrical wiring (in Russian). http://www.interfax.ru/world/605166 25.03.2018.
[40]
Court finishes verdict reading in Perm nightclub fire case (in Russian). http://tass.com/russia/693165 05.07.2013.
[41]
The Investigative Committee of Russia recognized the Kemerovo shopping center “Winter Cherry” as the squatter settlement (in Russian) https://www.rbc.ru/rbcfreenews/5abde7649a794773da839b8330.03.2018.
[42]
Belyakov, E., Ivanov, A. (2018). “The billionaire Denis Shtengelov is the true owner of the burned-down Shopping Center “Zimnyaya vishnya” in Kemerovo” (in Russian). https://www.spb.kp.ru/daily/26810.5/3846423/26.03.2018.
[43]
Zelensky, M. (2018). “The fire in shopping center "Winter Cherry" in Kemerovo” (in Russian). https://meduza.io/feature/2018/03/25/v-kemerovo-sgorel-torgovyy-tsentr-pogibli-troe-detey-i-zhenschina-glavnoe.
[44]
Zagorets, Y. (2009). The tired-out horses are adjusted (in Russian). https://lenta.ru/articles/2009/12/07/horse.
[45]
The owner of “Lame horse” Anatoli Zack was transported under guard in “Matrosskaya Tishina” (in Russian). https://www.newsru.com/russia/24dec2009/zak.html.
[46]
Suspects on the case of the fire in Perm are brought to court (in Russian). https://www.gazeta.ru/news/lenta/2009/12/06/n_1432479.shtml.
[47]
Paparde, Inga. (2014). ‘Zolitūdes traģēdija: 54 cilvēkiem nāve iestājās acumirklī’. http://nra.lv/latvija/109599-zolitudes-tragedija-54-cilvekiem-nave-iestajas-acumirkli.htm 16.01.2014.
[48]
Belluck, P. and Zielbauer, P. V. (2002). “Fire in a nightclub: overview; 96 Dead in Fire Ignited by Band at Rhode Island Club”, https://www.nytimes.com/2003/02/22/us/fire-nightclub-overview-96-dead-fire-ignited-band-rhode-island-club.html.
[49]
Barylick, J. P. (2013). “Brazil fire a reminder of R. I. blaze: Column”, https://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2013/01/27/john-barylick-on-lessons-of-brazil-nightclub-fire/1868455/.
[50]
Top 10 Modern Night Club Fires. http://listverse.com/2010/03/08/top-10-modern-night-club-fires.
[51]
Weir, F. (2009). “Russian nightclub fire: Corruption behind Lame Horse tragedy?”, https://www.csmonitor.com/World/Global-News/2009/1207/russian-nightclub-fire-corruption-behind-lame-horse-tragedy 07.12.2009.
[52]
Moiseyev, N. N. (1982). “Coevolyution of the person and the biosphere in a century of computers” (in Russian), Vestnik AN SSSR, vol. 3, pp. 90-97.
[53]
Moiseyev, N. N. (1998). “Once again about a coevolyution problem” (in Russian), Ekologiya i zhizn’, vol. 2, pp. 24-28.
[54]
Karakeyan, V. I. (2016). Environmental management economy: the textbook for bachelors (in Russian). Moscow: ID Yurayt.
[55]
Gudozhnik, G. S. (1975). Scientific and technological revolution and ecological crisis (in Russian). Moscow: Mezhdunar. otnoshen.
[56]
An ocean reserve the size of France! https://secure.avaaz.org/campaign/en/brazil_reserve_62/?bCoLgab&v=103575&cl=14051352747&_checksum=d829c3891343420253f01a6b62f51a864082b340e45e11b3c9ba4b29b39d7170 (accessed March 13, 2018).
[57]
Daly, H. E. (2007). Ecological economics and sustainable development. Edward Elgar Publishing, Inc., Northampton.
[58]
Pepper, D. (1998). “Sustainable development and ecological modernization: a radical homocentric perspective”, Sustainable Development, vol. 6, pp. 1–7.
[59]
Losonogov, E. A. (2013). “Typical situation of disappearance of children's recreation camps in Russia” (in Russian), Vestnik detsko-unosheskogo turizma, vol. 1, pp. 11-13.
[60]
Dmitrieva, O. (2016). “The system of children’s rest is destroyed” (in Russian), http://mr7.ru/articles/134695/29.06.2016.
[61]
Alvaredo, F., Chancel L., Piketty Th., Saez E. and Zucman G. (eds.) (2018). World Inequality Report 2018. Executive Summary. [Paris School of Economics, Paris]. http://wir2018.wid.world.
[62]
Tetlow, G. (2017). “Is the world becoming more unequal?”, Financial Times, London, UK, December 16, 2017.
[63]
Gerasimov, S. M. (1991). Conservation and rational use of natural resources (in Russian). Moscow: VINITI.
[64]
Vorontsov N. N. (ed.) (1991). A condition of the environment and nature protection activity in the USSR in 1989: State report (in Russian). Moscow: VINITI.
[65]
Poddubny, M. V. (1997). Sanitary environmental protection in Russia and the USSR in the first half of the XX century (in Russian). Kiev: Kiev Stroyproyekt.
[66]
Huxley, J. (1954). Evolutionary Humanism. Melbourne: AIIF.
[67]
Dobzhansky, Th. (1975). “Evolution and Man's Self-Image”. In Evolution Anthropology, Physical, pp. 189-220. London: Phaidon Press Ltd.
Browse journals by subject