Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2020, Page: 7-13
Determination of Optimum Tilt Angle for Rooftop Solar Photovoltaic System Installation for KikuKinderhaus in Kumasi
Theophilus Frimpong Adu, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
Emmanuel Kwaku Anto, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
Emmanuel Ramde, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
Lena Dzifa Mensah, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
Received: Sep. 5, 2019;       Accepted: Oct. 14, 2019;       Published: Apr. 8, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijees.20200501.12      View  107      Downloads  72
Abstract
The population growth in the Ghanaian urban areas and the high energy consumption per unit area compared to the low solar energy capture by Photovoltaic (PV) systems makes solar PV energy systems investment an unattractive venture for most urban settlers. Because building architectures mostly do not incorporate solar PV systems in facility planning, most building roofs pose challenges for solar PV array installation leading to lower PV energy output. The effects of tilt angle on the output of Solar Photovoltaic Systems were analyzed in this study using RETScreen 4. The optimum tilt angle and the corresponding PV output were estimated annually for three different PV systems. It was found that, the optimum tilt angle for all the systems that would give better yield and allow self-cleaning is 10°. The information presented in this study can serve as inputs for the development of grid-tied PV system without battery storage, grid-tied PV system with battery storage and stand-alone systems in Kumasi, Ghana.
Keywords
Solar Photovoltaic, Tilt Angle, Orientation, Optimum, Energy Output
To cite this article
Theophilus Frimpong Adu, Emmanuel Kwaku Anto, Emmanuel Ramde, Lena Dzifa Mensah, Determination of Optimum Tilt Angle for Rooftop Solar Photovoltaic System Installation for KikuKinderhaus in Kumasi, International Journal of Energy and Environmental Science. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2020, pp. 7-13. doi: 10.11648/j.ijees.20200501.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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