Volume 5, Issue 4, July 2020, Page: 74-80
Evaluating the Effects of Commonly Used Agro-Chemicals on the Health Status of A. Mellifera Scutellata in Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region, Ethiopia
Dinku Negash, School of Animal Science and Veterinary medicine, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Abebe Jenberie, School of Animal Science and Veterinary medicine, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Asaminew Tassew, School of Animal Science and Veterinary medicine, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Received: Aug. 19, 2020;       Accepted: Aug. 27, 2020;       Published: Sep. 7, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijees.20200504.13      View  96      Downloads  39
Abstract
The study was conducted with the objective of to evaluate the potential effects of widely used agro-chemicals on the health status of Apis mellifera scutllata in Sidama zone, Southern Ethiopia. Seven different agro-chemicals (2, 4-D, Agrothoate 40% Malathion 50%, pyriban48%, Diazinon 60%, Macozeb 80% and Pallas 45 OD) were commonly applied on various crops in the study area. The acute toxicity of these agro-chemicals to honeybees was tested via feeding, contact and fumigation. The mortalities caused by individual agro-chemical were compared with positive control Agro-thoate40% (Diamethoate) and negative control (honey solution and water). Acute toxicity analysis in the laboratory indicated that all tested agro-chemicals were found significantly toxic to A.m. scuttlata compared to negative control via feeding. Agrothoate 40%, Malathion50% EC and Dianznon 60% were highly toxic with 100% of experimental bee mortality, less than an hour. All agro-chemicals were statically significant toxic to honeybee when compared (P<0.01) standard insecticides and control group through all exposure rout. Therefore, proper utilization agro-chemicals are important to minimize poisoning of honeybee.
Keywords
Agro-chemicals, Toxicity Effect, Sidama Zone
To cite this article
Dinku Negash, Abebe Jenberie, Asaminew Tassew, Evaluating the Effects of Commonly Used Agro-Chemicals on the Health Status of A. Mellifera Scutellata in Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region, Ethiopia, International Journal of Energy and Environmental Science. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2020, pp. 74-80. doi: 10.11648/j.ijees.20200504.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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